- UN Atlas of the Oceans - The Atlas is an information system designed for use by policy makers who need to become familiar with ocean issues and by scientists, students and resource managers who need access to underlying data bases and approaches to sustainability. (Lead: FAO)
- Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment - The major threats to the health, productivity and biodiversity of the marine environment result from human activities on land - in coastal areas and further inland. Some 80% of the pollution load in the oceans originates from land-based activities. The GPA is designed to be a source of conceptual and practical guidance to be drawn upon by national and/or regional authorities for devising and implementing sustained action to prevent, reduce, control and/or eliminate marine degradation from land-based activities.
- The "Assessment of Assessments" (AoA) is being undertaken under the co-leadership of UNEP and UNESCO/IOC as part of the Start-up Phase of the Regular process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socio-economic aspects (in accordance with paragraph 64 (a) of UNGA resolution 58/240). It was requested for by governments in order to serve as one of the main foundations for the development of a regular process for the global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socio-economic aspects. It builds on the work done by other international forums and, either directly or indirectly through those forums, by national authorities concerned with the marine environment.
- The International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) is a partnership among governments, international organizations, and non-government organizations. It strives to preserve coral reefs and related ecosystems by implementing Chapter 17 of Agenda 21, and other relevant international conventions and agreements.
- Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP) -GESAMP is an expert group sponsored by several UN agencies that undertakes targeted scientific studies at the request of the agencies to provide technical advice on scientific aspects of prevention, reduction and control of the degradation of the marine environment to sustain its life support systems, resources and amenities. (Lead: IMO)
- Global Ocean Observing System - GOOS is a permanent global system for observations, modelling and analysis of marine and ocean variables to support operational ocean services worldwide. GOOS is working with national agencies and regional networks to provide accurate descriptions of the present state of the oceans, including living resources, continuous forecasts of the future conditions of the sea for as far ahead as possible, and the basis for forecasts of climate change. (Lead: UNESCO / IOC)
- Global Climate Observing System - GCOS is intended to be a long-term, user-driven operational system capable of providing the comprehensive observations required for monitoring the climate system, for detecting and attributing climate change, for assessing the impacts of climate variability and change, and for supporting research toward improved understanding, modelling and prediction of the climate system. It addresses the total climate system including physical, chemical and biological properties, and atmospheric, oceanic, hydrologic, cryospheric and terrestrial processes. (Lead: WMO)
- World Oceans Day - June 8 As a result of a United Nations General Assembly resolution passed in December 2008, the UN officially recognized World Oceans Day as June 8th each year. The concept for a “World Ocean Day” was first proposed in 1992 by the Government of Canada at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, and it had been unofficially celebrated every year since then. Since 2002, The Ocean Project and the World Ocean Network have helped to promote and coordinate World Oceans Day events worldwide through support to events and activities with aquariums, zoos, museums, conservation organizations, universities, schools, and businesses. Each year an increasing number of countries and organizations have been marking June 8th as an opportunity to celebrate our world ocean and our personal connection to the sea.
- Global Environment Facility - International Waters The Global Environment Facility is a partnership between 182 member governments, 4 United Nations Agencies (UNDP, UNEP, FAO, UNIDO), the World Bank, 4 Regional Development Banks, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector - to address global environmental issues. Under its International Waters focal area, the GEF finances activities to helps countries collectively manage their transboundary surface water basins, groundwater basins, and coastal and marine systems in order to sustain and share the benefits from them. With the help of the 10 GEF Agencies, the GEF International Waters portfolio has supported regional collaborative efforts for 22 transboundary surface water basins, 16 large marine ecosystems, and 5 cross-border groundwater systems. The development of 13 new regional treaties, protocols, and regional agreements during these GEF projects highlights that many countries view the sustainability of these systems as critical to their future development. In the context of marine and coastal resources, current GEF strategic programs for International Waters include restoring and sustaining coastal and marine fish stocks and associated biological diversity, and reducing nutrient over-enrichment and oxygen depletion from land-based pollution of coastal waters in Large Marine Ecosystems consistent with the Global Program of Action (GPA).